Candle making is as much an art as it is a science. With so many variables, getting the perfect candle takes both experimentation and a bit of ingenuity. To help you on your crafty endeavours we have compiled a list of tips and tricks to bring out the best in your candles.
1. Reduce Frosting
A common problem when making candles is the discolouration that can occur on the top and sides of the candle. This can leave it looking uneven, dull and even cheap.
If this is occurring in your candles, first try experimenting by pouring the wax at cooler temperatures. For example, some have seen better results when heating the wax to 75 degrees and then adding the fragrance oil at 50 degrees. Instead of pouring, stir the candle until it cools to 45 degrees then pour it into your desired containers.
If that doesn’t work, try adding 2 tea spoons of coconut oil to every 1kg of wax.
2. Poor Glass Adhesion (wet spots)
Source: Mika Kimi
Wet spots are usually caused when the wax is poured at too high a temperature, this results in the wax shrinking when it is cooling in the container and detaching from the sides.
The best way to avoid this is to pour your wax at a lower temperature to avoid excessive shrinking.
Pouring wax in an environment that is too cool can also cause poor adhesion. It is recommended to pour wax with an ambient temperature between 18-25 degrees celsius.
Ensure the container is clean, dry and at room temperature before pouring.
If you experience dipping when the candle has fully set, try pouring your wax at a cooler temperature.
Also, once the wax has formed a slight crust on the top, give the wick a slight pull, allowing it to release the air inside. This also prevents it from dipping as the candle sets.
4. Getting the Right Colour
Source: Weekend Notes
It can be difficult to the tell the colour of your wax when it is hot. Scoop a small portion onto a teaspoon and put it into cold water, as it cools it will change to the colour of your finished candle.
Keep adding colour and continue testing until you have your desired look.
5. Fragrance - Don't Over Do It
To avoid your candle sweating or curdling ensure you use a ratio of fragrance to wax of between 3-6%. It is worth noting that soy wax can hold as high as 10% weight of fragrance oil to wax.
As you’re a working with the wax and scent, you may be tempted to add more fragrance to achieve the desired scent throw. However, due to your olfactory system (sense of smell) becoming accustomed to the scent, you may lose sensitivity to the smell of the fragrance and be overdoing it.
To avoid this, it is recommended to test a few different loads and burn these candles well after they have been created, so you are fresh and perceptive to the scent.
Disclaimer: Whilst Crafty Candle Supplies makes every effort to give free advice and provide our customers with a greater knowledge we accept no responsibility for the advice given or interpretation. Candle making by nature has many variables and your own testing is essential.