Ordering all the supplies can feel a little overwhelming. But don't worry! To make the process as simple as possible, we've listed below all the formula's and calculations that will help you on the way.
1. Select a Container
To calculate how much of each supply you will need, you first need to select the type of container (or mould) you wish to use and the number of candles you wish to make.
Your selected container/mould will dictate the amount of other ingredients needed to make the candle.
2. Select the Right Wick
To choose a wick simply select a wick size from the chart below that matches the diameter of your container.
( Wicks can be the trickiest part of candle making due to every candle maker being different, we suggest you start off purchasing wicks in small quantities until you know you have the perfect match for your candles).
For more information on selecting the right wick or if you want to know how to double wick for larger containers read our wick selection guide.
3. Calculate How Much Soy Wax You'll Need
Your selected container will also dictate the amount of wax required to make your candle.
To calculate how much soy wax you will need, follow the formula below.
Volume (ml) of container x number of containers x 0.77 = soy wax (g)
*Example* 60ml container x 18 x 0.77 = 832g
This should account for the lower density of the wax as well as leaving a gap for the top of the candle for the wick to stand.
It is best to round up your soy wax order to avoid under-estimating the wax required, so in the example above we would recommend using 1KG of wax.
Remember that if your candle container has a lid, you’ll need to leave a 0.5cm gap between the surface of your wax and the lid. This is for the wick (if you fill your wax all the way to the top, there won’t be any room for the wick to stand!).
For an extensive guide on calculating soy wax and a detailed explanation behind this formula read our soy wax calculation guide.
4. Calculate How Much Fragrance Oil You'll Need
Now you have your wicks selected and the amount of soy wax needed, it’s time to calculate how much fragrance oil you will use.
The amount of fragrance oil needed can vary depending on how strong the scent is.
It is recommended that you add between 6-10% fragrance oil (g) to soy wax used.
To calculate the amount of fragrance oil needed follow the formula below.
Soy wax (g) x 0.10 = fragrance oil (ml)
*Example* 918g Soy wax x 0.10 = 92mls Fragrance Oil
Now that you have all the ingredients and supplies required, you can now get to work making your own soy candles.
The candle making process can be broken down into six steps.
Step 1: Prepare the work space
Step 2: Prepare the containers
Step 3: Measure & melt the wax
Step 4: Add the fragrance Oil and Dye
Step 5: Pour the wax
Step 6: Cool and set your candles
However, if you like to see things in action we've created this step-by-step video as well.
Step 1: PREPARE THE WORK SPACE
The first step in making soy candles is preparing a workspace ready for pouring.
Ensure the work space you choose is an environment that is not too hot or too cold.
Ideally you want to have an ambient temperature of 19 to 24 degrees Celsius.
This will prevent any issues that can occur when the wax is cooling.
Having a tray handy to place the candles on will also work well.
Step 2: PREPARE THE CONTAINERS
Stick a wick inside each container using a wick stickum. This secures the wick to the base of the container.
Use the wick holders to hold the wicks in place, keeping them straight and centered in the container.
Tip: If you are working with more than one fragrance, write the name of the fragrance you have used on the wick holder or on a piece of paper. This will prevent any confusion determining the scent once the candles have set.
Step 3: Measure & Melt the Wax
Next you will need to measure out the desired wax needed for your candles.
Pour the wax into a measuring jug and weigh the amount required on your set of scales.
If you still need to calculate how much soy wax is needed then follow the steps above in part 2 of our guide.
Melt the wax using the double boiling method.
Do this by setting a saucepan half full with water and place it on the stove to heat.
Let the wax completely melt and continue to heat it to about 80 - 85 degrees Celsius.
Once it has reached this temperature, take the wax off the heat by removing your container of wax from the saucepan of water.
Don’t forget to turn off the heat on your stove.
**Please be aware you are dealing with hot substances (boiling water/wax) so care should be taken at all times. If children are involved, we strongly advise parental supervision at all times.
Step 4: Add The Fragrance Oil and Dye
Add the Dye (Optional)
By this point you should have already calculated the amount of dye you will need to mix into your wax.
With your wax still at around 80-85 degrees Celsius, add in your liquid dye, flakes or blocks (whichever type of dye you are using). Stir the dye into the wax, ensuring the colour is mixed evenly.
If you haven't done this yet, you can calculate how much dye you will need by using our candle dye guide.
Tip: If you are working with dye blocks then use a cheese grater to shave some of the dye block into the melted wax. To test the colour simply dip a cold spoon into the mixture, as the wax sets on the spoon you can observe the colour and add more dye accordingly.
Add the Fragrance Oil
When the wax is 80-85 degrees Celsius, add the fragrance oil and stir for two minutes to ensure it is thoroughly mixed through the wax.
If you need help understanding how much fragrance oil to use, see part 2 of our guide.
It's important to note that some lighter fragrances will have a lower flash point than 80 degrees Celsius.
This means that some of the fragrance oil could evaporate while the wax is cooling.
To avoid this, follow the rules below.
If the flash point is equal or greater to 80 degrees Celsius: Combine the fragrance oil when the wax is 80 degrees Celsius.
If the flash point is below 80 degrees Celsius but higher than 55 degrees Celsius: Combine the fragrance oil when the wax is at the flash point temperature of that fragrance.
If the flash point is below 55 degrees: Combine the fragrance oil when the wax when is 55 degrees (but no lower).
You can find the flash point on the product description page of each fragrance.
Step 5: Pour the Wax
Once the wax has reached around 55 degrees Celsius, pour into each container.
To achieve the best results we recommend experimenting with different pour temperatures.
It is also important to note that extinguishing a candle before it has a chance to melt to the sides of the container can cause tunneling despite using the correct wick.
If you found this guide helpful please share to fellow candle makers and friends on Facebook or Pinterest.
You can purchase all the candle supplies mentioned in this guide directly from our website.
Disclaimer: We have taken every effort to ensure that this guide is as accurate as possible. However Crafty Candle Supplies cannot guarantee or take responsibility for any errors or omissions in this information. Crafty Candle Supplies intends for this information to be used as a guide only and accepts no responsibility for actions or outcomes that are a consequence of using the information above. Please take every safe precaution in the making of candles, or experimentation of the candle making process.
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